Computational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines

TitleComputational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGershman, SJ, Horvitz, EJ, Tenenbaum, JB
Date Published07/17/2015
Type of ArticleReview; Special Section: Artificial Intelligence

After growing up together, and mostly growing apart in the second half of the 20th century,the fields of artificial intelligence (AI), cognitive science, and neuroscience arereconverging on a shared view of the computational foundations of intelligence thatpromotes valuable cross-disciplinary exchanges on questions, methods, and results. We chart advances over the past several decades that address challenges of perceptionand action under uncertainty through the lens of computation. Advances include thedevelopment of representations and inferential procedures for large-scale probabilisticinference and machinery for enabling reflection and decisions about tradeoffs in effort, precision, and timeliness of computations. These tools are deployed toward the goal of computational rationality: identifying decisions with highest expected utility, while taking into consideration the costs of computation in complex real-world problems inwhich most relevant calculations can only be approximated. We highlight key concepts with examples that show the potential for interchange between computer science, cognitive science, and neuroscience.


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